This page collects some of our group’s research publications and documents.
Enhancing Ontario’s Rural Infrastructure Preparedness: Inter-Community Service Sharing in a Changing Climate
The purpose of this OMAFRA-funded research project (2016-19) was to 1) assess the potential of inter-community service cooperation (ICSC) as a possible tool to address the impacts of climate change (CC) in small (500-7500 pop.) Ontario rural communities south of the Sudbury region and 2) understand the extent to which such collaboration and the impacts of CC are, or could be, embedded within the community’s infrastructure asset management plans and processes (AMP). The research involved a literature review, key informant interviews with ten experts to develop a provincial survey delivered to 163 communities in Ontario rural communities, and case-study research highlighting ten communities undertaking innovative ICSC.
In Ontario, CC is already underway and by 2050 an increase in annual average temperature between 2.5-3.7° C is projected. Projections suggest that more frequent and more intense extreme events are likely and that the risk of disruptions to infrastructure is likely to increase.
ICSC is defined as the sharing, procuring or providing of needed infrastructure services with one or more municipalities or other organizations. Research suggests that the careful use of service cooperation can contribute to cost savings and improved local service provision. Infrastructure includes the physical structures and human systems, resources and processes that support those structures, including AMP. AMP is a municipal-level process undertaken to make evidence-based decisions regarding the building, operating, maintaining, renewing, replacing and disposing of infrastructure assets. Effective AMP can maximize the life cycle of infrastructure assets and provide cost efficient service delivery.
Project results suggest that rural communities in Ontario are dealing with increasing impacts from CC and that they often don’t have the resources to cope effectively. Lack of time and capacity are cited as main barriers to service cooperation. Despite these challenges, the researchers developed a series of best-practises to help communities who may be thinking of sharing services get started, such as starting small to build-up confidence and experience, and to work with communities who you may already have agreements with (such as shared fire services) to develop other shared services. Geographic proximity does not have to be a limiting factor for those services and activities that are not tied to physical infrastructure. For example, planning, engineering services, bulk ordering, joint requests for tender, and so on could all be opportunities to increase the efficient and effective delivery of needed local services. The project has revealed that while service sharing is common in large Southern Ontario communities, there is a lot of potential benefits to sharing services in rural contexts. Enhanced, efficient service cooperation can contribute to a sustainable and prepared infrastructure system, while also protecting the environmental capital upon which rural economies frequently depend.
ICSC Toolkit Documents
The following toolkit contains all published documents from the ICSC project. The ‘one pager’ offers a quick overview of the project. For rural communities interested in enhanced service sharing, a good starting point is the ‘workbook for rural community practitioners’ followed by ‘final report SWOT analysis’. Detailed case study results are found in ‘interim report 3’. The ‘podcast presentation’ is a 12 minute overview of the entire project results, while academic audiences may be interested in the detailed interim reports and environmental scan. Policy makers, please see ‘policy brief’. Blog posts on the project can be found under ‘our blog’ at the top of this webpage. Any questions can be directed to Bryce Gunson firstname.lastname@example.org or Dr. Brenda Murphy email@example.com
This article published in HAZnet magazine titled “Inter-Community Service Collaboration: Innovation for a Changing Climate?” discusses recent research on this project.
Ontario Rural Municipal Emergency Management and Critical Infrastructure: Enhancing Planning and Preparedness Capacities for Climate Change Resilience
xTREME Toolkit Documents
- xTREME Toolkit – Policy Brief
- xTREME Toolkit – Resource Guide
- xTREME Toolkit – Tabletop Exercise Overview
- xTREME Toolkit – Toolkit Executive Summary
- xTREME Toolkit – Climate Change Projections Report
buy metformin xr Climate Change Projection How-To Videos – Developed by Dr. Laura Brown, these videos outline how communities can use open-access data to compose climate projections. There are 4 videos that outline how this process works, and are available below:
Part 2 – Projecting Extreme Weather due to Climate Change – Downloading Downscaled Data Sets Watch Video
Youtube link: https://youtu.be/bu42vXEqp9s
Part 3 – Projecting Extreme Weather due to Climate Change – NetCDF Watch Video
Youtube link: https://youtu.be/06ytGA04XCA
Part 4 – Projecting Extreme Weather due to Climate Change – CDO Demo
Youtube link: https://youtu.be/pruhLDxCRTk
Table Top Exercise Documents
- xTREME Toolkit – Instructional Guide for Table Top Exercise Directors
- xTREME Toolkit – Appendix 1 (Sample Exercise Plan)
- xTREME Toolkit – Appendix 2 PDF Format (Sample Exercise Conduct Power Point Slides)
- xTREME Toolkit – Appendix 2 PPT Format (Sample Exercise Conduct Power Point Slides)
- xTREME Toolkit – Appendix 3 (Sample Exercise Evaluation Guide)
- xTREME Toolkit – Appendix 4 (Sample Participant Survey)
- xTREME Toolkit – Appendix 5 (Sample After-Action Report and Corrective Action Plan)
Indigenous Disaster Evacuee Audio-Visual Stories:
- Executive Summary From Displacement to Hope Final ENGLISH March 31 2017
- Executive Summary From Displacement to Hope Final FRENCH March 31 2017
Mutual Aid Agreements: Wise Practices for First Nations Communities:
Maple Syrup-related projects:
- Maple Syrup Innovation Toolkit
- Maple Syrup Policy Brief
- Executive Summary of Rural Maple Values Focus Groups
- Executive Summary of Aboriginal Maple Values Focus Groups
- Indigenous Maple Syrup Values Summary
- Maple Value Chain Summary
- IMSKN 2014 Focus Groups Final Report
- Commercial Maple Practices Workbook
- Aboriginal Maple Practices Workbook
- Murphy, B. L., A. Chretien and L. J. Brown, 2012. Non-Timber Forest Products, Maple Syrup and Climate Change, Journal of Rural and Community Development, 7 (3), 42-64.
- Climate Change and Maple Syrup
Brown, L. J., D. Lamhonwah, and B. L. Murphy, 2015. Projecting a spatial shift of Ontario’s sugar maple habitat in response to climate change: A GIS approach, Canadian Geographer 59 (3), 369–381.
Murphy, B. L., 2011. From interdisciplinary to inter-epistemological approaches: Confronting the challenges of integrated climate change research, Canadian Geographer, 55 (4), 490-509.
- Murphy, B.L., A. Chretien, and L. Brown, 2009. How Do We Come to Know? Exploring Maple Syrup Production and Climate Change in Near North Ontario, Environments, 37 (1), 1-33.
- Murphy, B. L. and J. Lawless, 2012. Climate Change and the Stories We Tell, Journal of Canadian Studies, 46 (2), 196-220.
- Murphy, B.L., A. Chretien, and L. Brown. Maple Syrup Production and Climate Change, Ontario Maple Syrup Mainline, Spring 2009
- Murphy, B.L., A. Chretien, and G. Morin. Maple Syrup Value Systems and Value Chains: Considering Aboriginal and Non-Aboriginal Perspectives presented at CAG conference 2014
- Interdiciplinarity Conference Poster
- Climate Change Save Our Syrup (SOS)
- Indigenous Maple Syrup Knowledge Network
- Media Articles
Climate Change Adaptation-related projects
Nuclear Waste-related projects
- Murphy, B. L., 2009. Canadian Communities and the Management of Nuclear Fuel Waste in Nuclear Waste Management in Canada: Critical Issues, Critical Perspectives (D. Durant and G. Fuji Johnson, editors), Vancouver: UBC Press, 130-149.
- Murphy, B. L. and R. Kuhn, 2009. Siting and Issues of Justice in Nuclear Waste Management in Canada: Critical Issues, Critical Perspectives (D. Durant and G. Fuji Johnson, editors), Vancouver: UBC Press, 150-167.
- Murphy & Kuhn 2006 (NWMO) Community – Defining the concept and its implications
Emergency and Disaster Management-related projects
- Cole, J. and B. L. Murphy, 2014. Rural Hazard Risk Communication and Public Education: Strategic and Tactical Best Practices, International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 10(Part A), 292-304.
- Murphy, B. L., G. Anderson, R. Bowles, and R. Cox, 2014. Planning for disaster resilience in rural, remote, and coastal communities: Moving from thought to action, International Journal Emergency Management, 12 (2), 105-120.
- Murphy, B. L., 2012. Community-Level Emergency Management: Placing Social Capital (updated reprint) in Disaster Risk and Vulnerability: Mitigation through Mobilizing Communities and Partnerships, (E. Haque and D. Etkins, editors) Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 45-70.
- Murphy, B. L. and D. Etkin, 2011. Introduction, Disaster and Emergency Management in Canada, peer-reviewed on-line textbook, Canadian Risks and Hazards Network, 30p.
- Murphy, B. L., 2011. Household Economic Disaster Recovery: Canadian Approaches, Disasters and Emergency Management in Canada, peer reviewed online-textbook, Canadian Risks and Hazards Network, 30p.
- Etkin, D., B. L. Murphy and L. Pierce, editors, 2007. Theory and Practice of Hazards and Emergency Management in Canada, International Journal of Emergency Management, 4 (2).